I'm Colin, and I am a behavioral ecologist at Penn State. My research focuses on the origin, maintenance, and effects of collective personalities in nature. I explore these questions primarily with paper wasps and social spiders, but also work with ants and other insect communities. If you would like to learn more about my past and current research projects, please explore the study systems located above.

Social spiders

Study systems:

Paper wasps

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© 2023 by Nicola Rider.
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